2023 (20), №1

Priorities of China’s Economic Development in Contemporary Official Ideology

28.03.20234 апреля, 2023Без комментариев

For citation: 

Borokh, O. N. (2023). Priorities of China’s Economic Development in Contemporary Official Ideology. AlterEconomics, 20(1), 189–215. https://doi.org/10.31063/AlterEconomics/2023.20-1.10

Abstract:

The official interpretation of the priorities in China’s economic development that influences searches in economic theory is rooted in generalization of practical experience. The study of this mechanism can deepen our understanding of the relationship between ideology and economic theory in today’s China. This article analyzes the evolution of “Xi Jinping’s economic thought” since the second half of the 2010s. Its basic components are related to economic governance, national development priorities and economic policy-making. The author supposes that an objective need to develop an all-embracing ideology of China’s economic development is motivated primarily by the deterioration of external conditions along with depletion of domestic growth factors. The adaptation of Chinese economic policy to these changes led the government to set new goals and strategies summarized in the form of “Xi Jinping’s economic thought”. The article focuses on the Study Outline on Xi Jinping’s Economic Thought published in 2022. The book was compiled by the Propaganda Department of the CPC Central Committee and the National Development and Reform Commission responsible for planning China’s socio-economic development. The intensive propaganda of Xi Jinping’s economic thought gene­rated a demand for theoretical research aimed at elaborating its “scientific principles” to contribute into construction of Chinese economic theory capable of guiding the practice of national development. The article analyzes the relationships between Xi Jinping’s economic thought and the Marxist political economy of socialism as well as the legacy of the economic policies of Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping. It is concluded that the content of Xi Jinping’s economic thought will change following the emergence of new challenges in China’s economic development.

PDF full
Downloaded: 125

Olga N. Borokh — Cand. Sci. (Econ.), Leading Research Associate, Institute of China and Contemporary Asia of the Russian Academy of Sciences; https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0109-4462 (32, Nakhimovsky prospect, Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation; e-mail: borokh@hotmail.com).

Boer, R. (2021). Socialism with Chinese Characteristics. A Guide for Foreigners. Singapore: Springer, XVII, 316. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-1622-8

Burov, V. G. (2022). Mirovozzrencheskiy universum Si Tszin’pina [Ideological universe of Xi Jinping]. Orientalistika [Orientalistica], 5 (4), 928–943. https://doi.org/10.31696/2618-7043-2022-5-4-928-943 (In Russ.)

Cai, F. & Zhang, X. (2022).  Constructing Political Economy with Chinese Characteristics.  Beijing: China Social Sciences Press; Singapore: Springer, 233. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-2824-6

Chen Keqing (2022). Mao Zedong jingji sixiang ji qi dangdai jiazhi [Mao Zedong’s economic thought and its contemporary value]. Yunnan daxue xuebao (shehui kexue ban) [Journal of Yunnan University (Social Sciences Edition)], 21 (6), 18–26. (In Chinese)

Dittmer, L. (Ed.) (2021).  China’s Political Economy in the Xi Jinping Epoch: Domestic and Global Dimensions (Series on Contemporary China: Volume 49).  Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co, 408. https://doi.org/10.1142/11999

Dong Shaopeng (2022). Shenru luoshi “liangge hao bu dongyao” [In-depth implementation of “Two unshakable”].  Zhengquan ribao [Securities daily],  20.12.2022. (In Chinese)

Goncharov, S. N. (2022). «Vyprygivanie iz istoricheskogo tsikla» i stroitel’stvo novoy ideologii na XX s»ezde KPK [“Jumping out of the historical cycle” and building a new ideology at the twentieth Congress of the CPC]. Problemy Dal’nego Vostoka [Far Eastern Studies], 6, 153–174. https://doi.org/10.31857/S013128120023467-4 (In Russ.)

He Lifeng (2022a). Xi Jinping jingji sixiang yinling xin shidai xin zhengcheng jingji gongzuo [Xi Jinping’s economic thought leads the economic work in the new era and new journey]. Jingji ribao [Economic Daily],  26.08.2022. (In Chinese)

He Lifeng (2022b). Xi Jinping jingji sixiang yinling xin shidai xin zhengcheng jingji gongzuo [Xi Jinping’s economic thought leads the economic work in the new era and new journey].  Zhongguo jingmao daokan [China Economic & Trade Herald], 9,  4–7. (In Chinese)

He Lifeng (2022c). Gao zhiliang fazhan shi quanmian jianshe shehuizhuyi guojia de shouyao renwu [High-quality development is the primary task of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way].  Renmin ribao [People’s Daily], 14.11.2022. (In Chinese)

Holbig, H. (2018). Whose New Normal? Framing the Economic Slowdown Under Xi Jinping.  J OF CHIN POLIT SCI (Journal of Chinese Political Science), 23,  341–363. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11366-018-9539-6

Huang Qunhui (2022). Quanmian lijie Xi Jinping jingji sixiang dui jingji guilü renshi de xin shenhua [A comprehensive understanding of a new deepening of the understanding of economic laws by Xi Jinping’s economic thought].  Zhongguo jijian jiancha [Supervision in China], 17,  41–43. (In Chinese)

Kato, Y. (2020). Two Faces of Ideology: Double-Edged Functions of Ideology in the Reform Discourse Under Xi Jinping. Journal of Current Chinese Affairs, 49 (2), 137–161. https://doi.org/10.1177/1868102620933899

Ke Han, Cai Qingqing & Zhou Shali (2022). Xi Jinping xin shidai Zhongguo tese shehuizhuyi sixiang rongru jingjixue zhuanye jiaoxue tanxi [Analysis on the integration of Xi Jinping’s thought on socialism with Chinese characteristics for the new era into the teaching of economics]. Hubei keji xueyuan xuebao [Journal of Hubei University of Science and Technology], 42 (5), 17–21. (In Chinese)

Kirdina-Chandler, S. G. (2022). Ekonomicheskaya teoriya, ideologiya i ekonomicheskyj interes [Economic theory, ideology, and economic interests]. AlterEconomics, 19 (1), 71–92. https://doi.org/10.31063/AlterEconomics/2022.19-1.5 (In Russ.)

Liu He (2019). Jianchi he wanshan shehuizhuyi jiben jingji zhidu [Adhere to and improve the basic socialist economic institutions].  Renmin ribao [People’s Daily],  22.11.2019. (In Chinese)

Liu He (2022). Ba shishi kuoda neixu zhanlüe tong gongjice jiegouxing gaige youji jieheqilai [Organically combine the implementation of the strategy of expanding domestic demand with the deepening of supply-side structural reform].  Renmin ribao [People’s Daily],  4.11.2022. (In Chinese)

Liu Shouying & Xiong Xuefeng (2022). Jianchi wenti daoxiang de Zhongguo jingji lilun chuangxin [Adhering to problem-oriented innovation in China’s economic theory].  Zhongguo shehui kexue [Social Sciences in China], 10,  99–118. (In Chinese)

Lomanov, A. V. (2022). Vneshnepoliticheskaya ideologiya Kitaya v preddverii XX s’’ezda KPK. [China’s ideology of foreign policy on the eve of the 20th CPC Congress]. In E. I. Safronova (Ed.). China in World and Regional Politics (History and Modernity). Issue XXVII.  Moscow: Institute of China and Contemporary Asia, Russian Academy of Sciences (ICCA RAS), 25–41. https://doi.org/10.48647/IFES.2022.78.33.030 (In Russ.)

Ma Yan, Wang Lin & Yan Jinqiang (2022). Xi Jinping jingji sixiang de luoji jiegou ji qi xueli yanjiu [The logical structure and academic principles of Xi Jinping’s economic thought].  Shanghai jingji yanjiu [Shanghai Journal of Economics], 9,  31–49. (In Chinese)

Makasheva, N. A. (2007). Ekonomicheskaya nauka v Rossii v period transformacii (konets 1980-kh — 1990-e gody): revolyutsiya i rost nauchnogo znaniya [Economic science in Russia during the period of transformation (late 1980s — 1990s): revolution and the growth of scientific knowledge]. In Ya. I. Kuzminov, V. S. Avtonomov, O. I. Ananyin et al. (Eds.). Istoki: iz opyta izucheniya ekonomiki kak struktury i protsessa [Origins: from the experience of studying economics as a structure and a process].  Moscow, Russia: Publ. House of HSE 2nd ed., 400–426. (In Russ.)

Naughton, B. & Boland, B. (2023). CCP Inc.: The Reshaping of China’s State Capitalist System.  Washington, DC: the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), 42. Retrieved from: https://csis-website-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/s3fs-public/2023-01/230131_Naughton_Reshaping_CCPInc_0.pdf?VersionId=pJl3iB.DqMILjtq_qMx.8eN5IvUOHg.Y (Date of access: 3.02.2023).

Rudd, K. (2022). The World According to Xi Jinping — What China’s Ideologue in Chief Really Believes.  Foreign Affairs, 101 (6), 8–21.

Rumyantsev, A. M. (1972).  Istoki i evolyuciya “idey Mao Cze-duna” [Origins and evolution of the “ideas of Mao Zedong”].  Moscow, Russia: Nauka, 380. (In Russ.)

Tian, G. & Li, Y. (2022) On Xi Jinping’s Socialist Economic Thoughts.  Theoretical Economics Letters, 12,  240–257. https://doi.org/10.4236/tel.2022.121014

Torrigan, J. (2022). Xi Jinping and Ideology. In L. Myers (Ed.).  Essays on China and U.S. Policy.  Washington, DC: The Wilson Center, 307–338.

Vinogradov, A. V. (Ed.) (2022).  Sovremennoe kitayskoe gosudarstvo [The modern Chinese state]. Vol. 1: Osnovnye instituty gosudarstvennoy vlasti i upravleniya [Main institutions of state power and governance]. Moscow, Russia: Russian Academy of sciences, 903. https://doi.org/10.48647/IFES/2022.22.76.029 (In Russ.)

Volynsky, A. I. & Kruglova, M. S. (2022). «Sotsializm s kitayskoy spetsifikoy» kak rezul’tat ritoricheskogo sinteza v ekonomicheskoy politike [“Socialism with Chinese characteristics” as a result of rhetorical synthesis in economic policy]. In V. I. Mayevsky, S. G. Kirdina-Chandler (Eds.). Sintez v ekonomicheskoy teorii i ekonomicheskoy politike [Synthesis in Economic Theory and Economic Policy].  Moscow, Russia: Institute of Economics of Russian Academy of Sciences, 334–351. (In Russ.)

Xi Jinping (2013). Fayang ding dingzi jingshen, yi zhang haode lantu yi gan daodi (2013 nian 2 yue 28 ri) [To uphold the “driving in nails” mindset, to follow the blueprint to the end (February 28, 2013)]. In  Xi Jinping tan zhiguo lizheng [Xi Jinping: The Governance of China].  Beijing: Waiwen chubanshe [Foreign Languages Press], 2014, 399–400. (In Chinese)

Xi Jinping (2015). Bu duan kaituo dangdai Zhongguo makesizhuyi zhengzhi jingjixue xin jingjie (2015 nian 11 yue 15 ri) [Constantly open up a new realm of Marxist political economy in contemporary China (November 15, 2015)]. Qiushi [Seeking Truth], 2020, 16. Retrieved from: http://cpc.people.com.cn/n1/2020/0815/c64094-31823519.html. (Date of access: 5.01.2023). (In Chinese)

Xi Jinping (2017a).  Juesheng quanmian jiancheng xiaokang shehui duoqu xin shidai Zhongguo tese shehuizhuyi weida shengli — zai Zhongguo gongchandang di shijiu ci daibiao dahui shang de baogao (2017 nian 10 yue 18 ri) [Secure a decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and strive for the great success of socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era. Delivered at the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (October 18, 2017)].  Beijing: Renmin chubanshe [People’s Publishing House], 71. (In Chinese)

Xi Jinping (2017b). Changqi jianchi, bu duan fengfu fazhan xin shidai Zhongguo tese shehuizhuyi jingji sixiang (2017 nian 12 yue 8 ri) [Long-term adherence, continuous enrichment and development of socialist economic thought with Chinese characteristics in the new era (December 8, 2017)]. In  Xi Jinping tan zhiguo lizheng. Di san juan [Xi Jinping: The Governance of China.  Vol. 3]. Beijing: Waiwen chubanshe [Foreign Languages Press], 2020, 231–239. (In Chinese)

Xi Jinping (2022a). Xuxie makesizhuyi zhongguohua shidaihua xin pianzhang (2022 nian 10 yue 16 ri) [Opening new chapters in adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and the needs of the times (January 11, 2022)]. In  Xi Jinping tan zhiguo lizheng. Di si juan. [Xi Jinping: The Governance of China.  Vol.4]. Beijing: Waiwen chubanshe [Foreign Languages Press], 2022, 29–33. Retrieved from: https://www.12371.cn/2022/09/02/ARTI1662095899406526.shtml. (Date of access: 5.01.2023). (In Chinese)

Xi Jinping (2022b). Geng hao de bawo he yunyong dang de bainian fendou lishi jingyan (2022 nian 10 yue 16 ri) [Better grasp and use the party’s century-old historical experience of struggle (January 11, 2022)]. Qiushi [Seeking Truth], 2022, 13. Retrieved from: http://www.qstheory.cn/dukan/qs/2022-06/30/c_1128786667.htm. (Date of access: 5.01.2023). (In Chinese)

Xi Jinping (2022c). Gao ju Zhongguo tese shehuizhuyi weida qizhi wei quanmian jianshe shehuizhuyi xiandaihua guojia er tuanjie fendou — zai Zhongguo gongchandang di ershi ci quanguo daibiao dahui shang de baogao (2022 nian 10 yue 16 ri) [Hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics and strive in unity to build a modern socialist country in all respects — Report to the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (October 16, 2022)].  Renmin ribao [People’s Daily],  26.10.2022. (In Chinese)

 Xi Jinping guanyu shehuizhuyi jingji jianshe lunshu zhaibian.  Zhonggong zhongyang wenxian yanjiushi bian. (2017). [Excerpts from Xi Jinping’s speeches on socialist economic construction. Compiled by Party Literature Research Center, CPC Central Committee]. Beijing: Zhongyang wenxian chubanshe [Central Party Literature Press], 334. (In Chinese)

 Xi Jinping jingji sixiang xuexi gangyao  (2022). [A study outline on Xi Jinping’s economic thought]. Beijing: Renmin chubanshe, Xuexi chubanshe [People’s Publishing House, Xuexi Publishing House], 176. (In Chinese)

 “Xi Jinping jingji sixiang xuexi gangyao” youshengshu (2022). [Audiobook “A study outline on Xi Jinping’s economic thought”].  Retrieved from: https://www.12371.cn/special/jjsxgy/. (Date of access: 5.01.2023). (In Chinese)

Xu Laifu & Wu Jiahua (2018). Qianxi Xi Jinping xin shidai Zhongguo tese shehuizhuyi jingji sixiang — dui Deng Xiaoping jingji lilun de xucheng, chuangxin he yunyong [On Xi Jinping’s economic thought on socialism with Chinese characteristics for a New Era — Inheriting, innovating and applying Deng Xiaoping’s economic theory].  Taiyuan ligong daxue xuebao (shehui kexue ban) [Journal of Taiyuan University of Technology (Social Science Edition)], 36 (1), 12–15, 27. (In Chinese)

Yang Ruilong (2022). Goujian Zhongguo zizhu de jingjixue zhishi tixi [Construct China’s independent economics knowledge system].  Renmin ribao [People’s Daily],  15.08.2022. (In Chinese)

Zhang Zhanbin (2022). Kexue bawo Xi Jinping jingji sixiang de zhongda wenti [Scientifically grasping several major issues of Xi Jinping’s economic thought].  Jingji ribao [Economic Daily],  21.09.2022. (In Chinese)

Zhang Xiaojing (2022). Xi Jinping jingji sixiang de shidai beijing, hexin zhuzhi he fengfu neihan [Historical background, core purpose and rich connotation of Xi Jinping’s economic thought].  Jingjixue dongtai [Economic Perspectives], 10,  3–7. (In Chinese)

Zhonggong zhongyang xuanchuanbu guanyu renzhen xuexi “Xi Jinping jingji sixiang xuexi gangyao” de tongzhi (2022). [Notice of the Propaganda Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on conscientiously organizing the study of “A study outline on Xi Jinping’s economic thought”]. In:  Xi Jinping jingji sixiang xuexi gangyao. [A study outline on Xi Jinping’s economic thought].  Beijing: Renmin chubanshe, Xuexi chubanshe [People’s Publishing House, Xuexi Publishing House]. (In Chinese)

 Zhongguo gongchandang zhangcheng  (2017). [Constitution of the Communist Party of China]. Beijing: Renmin chubanshe [People’s Publishing House], 61. (In Chinese)

Zhongguo gongchandang zhangcheng (2022). [Constitution of the Communist Party of China].  Renmin ribao [People’s Daily],  27.10.2022. (In Chinese)