2020 (17), №4

Poverty Reduction in Russia in the Context of National Development Goals and their Achievement

For citation: 

Kozlova, O. A., & Makarova, M. N. (2020). Poverty Reduction in Russia in the Context of National Development Goals and their Achievement. Zhurnal Economicheskoj Teorii [Russian Journal of Economic Theory], 17 (4), 770-780.


The article examines the phenomenon of Russian poverty, its current state and dynamics. Poverty has become a major hindrance to the development of human capital by limiting access to development resources, such as quality health care, education, worthy wages, and successful socialization of children and youth. Although in Russia there is a wide range of strategic development documents prioritizing the improvement of the quality of life, poverty has long remained a persistent problem in the country and a threat to its security. Our research hypothesis is that the lack of an effective antipoverty policy determines the stagnant nature of poverty and the failure of certain financial measures to address this problem. To test the research hypothesis empirically, we explore strategic documents of socio-economic development in Russia and analyze the relevant indicators characterizing the current state and dynamics of poverty in 2010–2018. Our research relies on the official data of the Russian Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat). We also consider poverty theories and antipoverty measures of different countries as well as the Russian retrospective data to show the need for an efficient antipoverty policy and to identify its priorities.

PDF full
Downloaded: 6

Olga Anatol’evna Kozlova — Doctor of Economics, Head of Socioeconomic Dynamics Research Centre, Institute of Economics of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences; Professor of the Department of Labor Economics and Personnel Management, Ural State University of Economics (Ekaterinburg, Russian Federation; e-mail: Olga137@mail.ru).

Maria Nikitichna Makarova — PhD in Economics, Senior Researcher, Socioeconomic Dynamics Research Centre, Institute of Economics of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Ekaterinburg, Russian Federation; e-mail: maria_makarova87@mail.ru).

Bochko, V. S., Tatarkin, A. I., & Bersenev, V. L. (2015). Sud’ba politicheskoy ekonomii v usloviyakh sovremennykh istoricheskikh vyzovov: prodolzhenie krizisa ili nachalo vozrozhdeniya? [The fate of political economy in today’s historic challenges: the continuation of the crisis or the beginning of a renaissance?]  Zhurnal ekonomicheskoj teorii [Russian Journal of Economic Theory], 3,  28–41. (In Russ.)

Bulochnikova, L. A., & Chentsov, R. V. (2011). Raspredelenie dokhoda:neravenstvo i bednost’ [Income distribution: inequality and poverty].  Uchenye zapiski rossiyskoy akademii predprinimatel’stva [Scientific notes of the Russian academy of entrepreneurship], 26,  11–30. (In Russ.)

Gudz, D. Yu., Lapin, A. E., Kal’nova, O. N., & Makeeva, V. A. (2013). Uroven’ zhizni, bednost’ i sotsial’no-ekonomicheskaya differentsiatsiya naseleniya (na primere Ul’yanovskoy oblasti) [The standard of living, poverty and socio-economic differentiation of the population (on the example of the Ulyanovsk region)].  Uroven’ zhizni naseleniya regionov Rossii [Living Standards and Quality of Life], 2,  79–84 (In Russ.)

Ignatok, M. V. (2008). Bednost’: differentsiatsiya podkhodov k opredeleniyu i izmereniyu [Poverty: Differentiation of Approaches to Definition and Measurement].  Ekonomicheskiy vestnik rostovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Vestnik of Rostov State Economic University], 6(4),  Part 2, 67–71. (In Russ.)

Litinskaya, E. Yu., & Matyushina, Yu. B. (2016). Genezis osnovnykh teoriy bednosti [Genesis of the main theories of poverty].  Vestnik VGU. Seriya: istoriya. politologiya. sotsiologiya [«Proceedings of Voronezh State University. Series: History. Political science. Sociology], 3,  74–77 (In Russ.)

Maksimov, S. N. (2012). Bednost’ naseleniya kak ugroza ekonomicheskoy bezopasnosti [Poverty as a threat to economic security].  Publichnoe i chastnoe pravo [Public and private law], 3 (15),  72–79. (In Russ.)

Mal’tus, T. (1895).  Opyt zakona o narodonaselenii [Experience of the Law on Population].  Moscow, Russia, available at: http://www.demoscope.ru/weekly/knigi/maltus/maltus.pdf (accessed 10.08.2020). (In Russ.)

Piketti,T. (2015).  Kapital v XXI veke [Capital in the 21st century].  Translated by A. Dunaev. Moscow, Russia: Ad Marginem Press, 592. (In Russ.)

Pyatova, O. F. (2013). Bednost’ naseleniya kak vnutrennyaya ugroza ekonomicheskoy bezopasnosti strany [Population poverty as internal threat to the country economic security].  Izvestiya samarskoy gosudarstvennoy sel’skokhozyaystvennoy akademii [Bulletin of the Samara State Agrarian Academy], 2,  8–13. (In Russ.)

Reimer, V. V., & Manakov, N. S. (2012). Bednost’ v Rossii: masshtaby i strukturnye osobennosti [Poverty in Russia: the extent and structural features].  Sotsium i vlast’ [Society and power], 2 (34),  22–24. (In Russ.)

Rikardo, D. (1955).  Nachala politicheskoy ekonomii i nalogovogo oblozheniya [On the principles of political economy and taxation].  Moscow, Russia: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel’stvo politicheskoy literatury, 539, available at: https://www.biznesbooks.com/books/ekonomika/david-rikardo-nachala-politicheskoi-ekonomii-i-nalogovogo-oblogeniya (accessed 15.08.2020). (In Russ.)

Ryzhkov, D. L. (2013). Bednost’ v usloviyakh globalizatsii: sotsial’no-filosofskiy analiz [Poverty in the context of globalization: socio-philosophical analysis].  Al’manakh sovremennoy nauki i obrazovaniya [Almanac of modern science and education], 3 (70),  146–149. (In Russ.)

Smith, A. (1962).  Issledovanie o prirode i prichinakh bogatstva narodov. [An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations].  Moscow, Russia: Sotsekgiz, 255. (In Russ.)

Timofeev, Yu. V. (2012). Vliyanie sotsial’nykh vyplat na bednost’ i neravenstvo v Rossii [Impact of social transfers on poverty and inequality in Russia].  Ekonomicheskiy analiz: teoriya i praktika [Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice], 10(265),  41–45. (In Russ.)

Boateng, G., Balogun, M., Dada, F. & Armah, F. (2020). Household energy insecurity: dimensions and consequences for women, infants and children in low- and middle-income countries.  Social science & medicine, 258.  DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.113068.

Jessel, S., Sawyer, S., & Hernandez, D. (2019). Energy Poverty, and Health in Climate Change. A Comprehensive Review of an Emerging Literature.  Frontiers in public health, 7.  DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2019.00357.

Ngandu, C.B., Momberg, D., et al. (2020). The association between household socio-economic status, maternal socio-demographic characteristics and adverse birth and infant growth outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review.  Journal of developmental origins of health and disease, 11(4),  317–334. DOI: 10.1017/S2040174419000680.

Nguyen, H., Nguyen, C. & Nguyen, C.V. (2020). The Effect of Economic Growth and Urbanization on Poverty Reduction in Vietnam.  Journal of Asian finance, economics and business, 7(7),  229–239. DOI: 10.13106/jafeb.2020.vol7.no7.229.

Sen, A. (2019). The Political Economy of Hunger: Reasoning and Participation.  Common Knowledge, 25 (1–3),  348–356. DOI: 10.1215/0961754X-7299462.

Townsend, P. (1979).  Poverty in the United Kingdom: a survey of household resources and standards of living.  London, Allen Lane and Penguin Books, available at: https://www.poverty.ac.uk/free-resources-books/poverty-united-kingdom (accessed 15.08.2020).

Zhao, Y. J., Lu, Y. (2020). Mapping determinants of rural poverty in Guangxi — a less developed region of China.  Journal of mountain science, 17(7),  1749–1762. DOI: 10.1007/s11629–019–5760–9.