Sushentsova, M. S., Miroshnichenko, M. A., & Lymar, Ph. A. (2021). Justice Problem with Marxist and Liberal Approaches: Philosophical Justification and Economic Interpretation. Zhurnal Economicheskoj Teorii [Russian Journal of Economic Theory], 18(1), 116-126, https://doi.org/10.31063/2073-6517/2021.18-1.8
This article compares Marx’s understanding of such concepts as rights, freedom and equality underlying the concept of justice with that of classical and modern liberalism. It is shown that Marx did not reject the key values of liberalism but approached them from two perspectives — historical and anthropological. On the one hand, Marx criticized the exercise of human rights under capitalism as «bourgeois», pointing out that they justify the alienation of the human condition and disguise economic exploitation as fair market exchange. On the other hand, Marx proposed his own model of future equality based on the values of self-realization and solidarity, and ultimately on his idea of the «generic» human nature. This approach goes beyond deontological justice, developed by modern liberal thought in the Rawlsian spirit, and at the same time brings Marx’s views closer to the tradition of natural law and modern communitarianism.