Kulkova, I. A., Bedrina, E. B. & Sekicki-Pavlenko, O. O. (2021). Exploring Modern Research on Socio-Economic Adaptation (The Case of the Institute of Economics of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences). Zhurnal Economicheskoj Teorii [Russian Journal of Economic Theory], 18(3), 323-340. https://doi.org/10.31063/2073-6517/2021.18-3.1.
Recent years have seen dramatic socio-economic transformations that swept across the globe, especially the post-Soviet space. In this rapidly evolving world people need to adapt faster and more effectively.
This study focuses on the development of knowledge in the field of social adaptation theory and aims to provide a quantitative and qualitative review of the research conducted on socio-demographic adaptation in the last thirty years. A particular focus is made on the contribution made by the researchers of the Institute of Economics of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. To this end, we chose the two main areas that the Institute’s research teams worked on — the studies of socio-labour adaptation and the studies of demographic adaptation (including migration).
Our quantitative overview relied on the method of bibliometric analysis. We chose the publications indexed in such international databases as Scopus and Web of Science and on the Russian platform eLibrary.ru. Our analysis has demonstrated a growth in the absolute and relative number of studies on the social and demographic aspects of adaptation. The most influential academic journals and communities were identified. We also systematized the most significant publications to identify major research topics and trends.
Our qualitative analysis has brought to light the contribution made by researchers of the Institute to the development of the anthropocentric and socio-centric approaches within the social adaptation theory. Among other things, the Institute’s specialists have shown the synthesis of the two key demographic paradigms — the theory of demographic transition and the theory of the family crisis. They also developed the theory of reproductive behaviour on the basis of the theories of the second demographic transition, consumer behaviour, rational choice, and the value of children. It was also proven that raising of the retirement age has an impact on fertility.
Inna A. Kulkova — Doctor of Economics, Professor, Leading Researcher, Institute of Economics of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences; https://orcid.org/0000–0003–1975–0875 (29, Moskovskaya St., Ekaterinburg, 620014, Russian Federation; e-mail: email@example.com).
Elena B. Bedrina — PhD in Economics, Associate Professor, Senior Researcher, Institute of Economics of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences; https://orcid.org/0000–0002–7420–7499 (29, Moskovskaya St., Ekaterinburg, 620014, Russian Federation; e-mail: Bedrina1967@mail.ru)
Olga O. Sekicki-Pavlenko — Leading Economist, Institute of Economics of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences; https://orcid.org/0000–0002–1370–8724 (29, Moskovskaya St., Ekaterinburg, 620014, Russian Federation; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).