The article presents a cultural alternative of civilization socio-economic development. The article aims to show the importance of a cultural component at the present stage of human civilization development. The main tasks include a retrospective analysis of both classical theories of civilizations and modern economic theories, including cultural aspects, justifying the need to consider human factors in the solution of economic problems. The article provides concrete examples of successful integration to form a supra-national and supra-ethnic associations. There are some principles of solidarity economy.