2016, №4

Assessment of anthropogenic impact of mining enterprises on the environment


Companies mining complex (CPC) has traditionally been a source of intense anthropogenic impact on the environment. In order to improve environmental performance of their activities and the development of timely measures to minimize the impact of man-made there is a need to evaluate and predict both environmental and economic consequences of this action. So far not developed a single comprehensive assessment methodology damage as a result of anthropogenic impact GIC businesses on the environment, which allows to take into account the whole of the multi-factor and multi exposure. Existing guidelines allow to assess the damage on the main elements of the biosphere (water, soil, air, flora and fauna), it is also possible to assess the damage sociosphere, while damage to the bowels, not taken into account, not taken into account and the risks of emergency situations (ES) leading in some cases to catastrophic consequences. The article suggests a methodical approach to assessing economic losses in terms of CPC, based on an integrated approach, taking into account the specific factors of anthropogenic impact on the subsoil and the risk of a disaster, which will give timely assessment of planned and current economic activity, to correct technical solutions towards their greening at all stages of development of the field and improve the overall ecological and economic efficiency of enterprises GIC.

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Yulia O. Slawikowskaja – Cand. Sci. (Econ.), Mining Institute of the  Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Senior Research Associate (Ekaterinburg, Russian Federation; e-mail: slavikov1977@mail.ru).

Larisa V. Rudakova – Institute of Economics of the  Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leading Economist of the Center for Nature Management (Ekaterinburg, Russian Federation; e-mail: larudak@mail.ru).

Roman B. Rudakov – PhD Student, Institute of Economics of the Ural Branch of RAS (Ekaterinburg, Russian Federation; e-mail: 1993Rudakov@gmail.com).