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The article analyzes European national innovation system with the help of the technological proximity method. We conduct a quantitative evaluation of those innovation-driven industries that may hold most potential in the EU context. Attempts to adopt the experience of other countries in creating innovation system have proved to be ineffective. Nowadays the implementation of innovation systems concept is possible by identifying industries that are associated with the countries’ production structure. We consider proximity indicators and construct a matrix of technological proximity for 28 EU countries for 2007–2018. We identify the types of economic activity related to the innovation sector and calculate the degree of countries’ participation in the production of high-tech industries.
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