The article is devoted to analysis of the current socio-economic development of Russia and the discussion of possible areas of significant improvement in the economic situation. It is shown that the current situation is characterized by the triad: stagnation — recession — stagflation. The reasons that caused the slowdown of socio-economic development in Russia were shown. Proposed transition to accelerate the socio-economic development based on the new investment policy. In details, the mechanisms of investment and sources of financing of investment projects were determined.