The third issue of the Russian Journal of Economic Theory for 2016 is dedicated to economics. co-theoretical description of macroeconomic problems. The relevance of their identification in a dedicated issue of the journal is due to the need to form a modern macroeconomic economic theory that adequately reflects the complex issues of economic activity in national level in the context of crisis phenomena in the world economy. Review of scientific articles presented in this issue of the Journal of Ecology economic theory”, demonstrates some progress in the development of macroeconomics economic theory, which provides, on the one hand, progress in understanding the world of economics chemical phenomena, on the other hand, an adequate description of existing economic practices. The formation of modern neoclassical, institutional or alternative models macroeconomic activity allows us to predict the development of national strength economic systems, although each model generates its own forecast options. Choice of one or another option is the task of the governing bodies.