2020 (17), №3

Ways of Enhancing the Efficiency of Public Governance in Russia in the Context of Social State Development

For citation: 

Cherednichenko, L. G., Gubarev, R. V., Dzyuba, E. I., & Fayzullin, F. S. (2020). Ways of Enhancing the Efficiency of Public Governance in Russia in the Context of Social State Development. Zhurnal Economicheskoj Teorii [Russian Journal of Economic Theory], 17 (3), 530-545.

Abstract:

At the current stage, the main impediment to steady socio-economic development of Russia is its inefficient system of public governance. This article relies on methods of systems economics to describe a set of measures that would enhance the efficiency of governance in Russia and, as a result, stimulate the country’s socio-economic development. These measures are divided into the following groups: measures aimed at reducing the risk of corruption; measures to ensure the transparency of the staff recruiting process; measures for merit-based recruitment; performance-based remuneration; and socio-economic partnership. Except for the fifth group of measures (applicable only to commercial organizations), all of the above can be used in public governance as well as in corporate management. We believe that the cornerstone of the new system of governance in Russia should be the system of performance-based pay to top executives of state companies and civil servants. Such system does not contradict the concept of new public management since it takes into account both the international experience (it has a certain similarity with the Singapore model) and the specific characteristics of the Russian system. In order to identify the right amount of collective incentive payments to civil servants, it is necessary to adjust the optimal contract theory for state institutions. Nobel laureate Ronald Coase showed that such modification is possible through his transaction costs approach, which revealed a similar nature of transaction costs in commercial organizations and state institutions. The implementation of the new system of performance- based pay in regional executive government bodies can make Russian civil servants more interested in raising the quality of life in the regions; it will contribute to more efficient coordination of ministries, and, finally, it will help to establish a more rigorous control over government expenditures. It should be noted, however, that in order to achieve a qualitative improvement in the national system of governance, it is necessary to realize the whole set of the above-described measures.

PDF full
Downloaded: 30

Larisa Gennadievna Cherednichenko — Doctor of Economics, Professor, Department of Economic Theory, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (Moscow, Russian Federation; e-mail: cherednlarisa@yandex.ru).

Roman Vladimirovich Gubarev — PhD in Economics, Associate Professor, Department of Economic Theory, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (Moscow, Russian Federation; e-mail: gubarev.roma@yandex.ru).

Evgeniy Ivanovich Dzyuba — Expert, Department of All Russia’s People Front (ONF) in the Republic of Bashkortostan; Lecturer, Bashkir regional department of Russian society “Znanie” (Ufa, Russian Federation; e-mail: intellectRus@yandex.ru).

Fanil’ Saitovich Fayzullin — Academician, the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Bashkortostan; Doctor of Philosophy, Professor, Chief Researcher, Institute for Socioeconomic Studies of Ufa Federal Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Ufa, Russian Federation; e-mail: fayzullin.f@ gmail.com).

Bobkov, V. N., Herrmann, P., Kolmakov, I. B., & Odintsova, E. V. (2018). Dvukhkriterial’naya model’ stratifikatsii rossiys- kogo obshchestva po dokhodam i zhilishchnoy obespechennosti [Two-Criterion Model of the Russian Society Stratification by Income and Housing Security]. Ekonomika regiona [Economy of Region], 4, 1061–1075. (In Russ.)

Bortshevsky, G. A. (2016). Koefficienty obieektivnoy otsenki effektivnosti gosudarstvennoy sluzhby [Objective Assessment Indicies of Public Administration Efficiency]. Upravlencheskie nauki [Management sciences in Russia], 4, 33–43. (In Russ.)

Buzgalin, A. V., & Kolganov, A. I. (2016). Sistemnyy vzglyad na economiku: pozitivnaya kritika metodologii i teorii G.B. Kleynera [The Systems View of the Economy: Positive Critique of the Methodology and Theory of G.B. Kleiner]. Ekonomicheskaya nauka sovremennoy Rossii [Economics of Contemporary Russia], 4, 43–64. (In Russ.)

Buzgalin, A. V., & Kolganov, A. I. (2019). Transformatsii sotsial’noy struktury pozdnego kapitalizma: ot proletariata i burzhuazii k prekariatu i kreativnomu klassu? [Social Structure Transformation of Late Capitalism: from Proletariat and Bourgeoisie Towards Precariat and Creative Class?]. Sociologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies], 1, 18–28. (In Russ.)

Buzgalin, A. V., Kolganov, A. I., & Barashkova, O. V. (2016). Rossiya: novaya imperialisticheskaya derzhava? [Russia: new imperialist power?]. Polis. Politicheskie issledovaniya [Polis. Political Studies], 1, 74–87. (In Russ.)

Gallyamov, R. R., & Gorbunova, G. D. (2013). Otechestvennye i zarubezhnye opredeleniya ponyatiya «mezhsektornoe sotsial’noe partnerstvo»: sravnitel’nyy analiz osnovnyh podhodov [Domestic and Foreign Definitions of the Concept of a «Cross-Sector Social Partnership»: Comparative Analysis of Main Approaches]. Vestnik VEGU [Vestnik VEGU], 1, 26–32. (In Russ.)

Glaz’ev, S. (2013). Ob al’ternativnoy politike ustoychivogo sotsial’no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya Rossii [On the alternative policy of sustainable socio-economic development of Russia]. Mir peremen [The World of Transformations], 1, 89–95. (In Russ.)

Gorodetsky, A. E. (2018). Gosudarstvo i novoe industrial’noe obshchestvo: problemy sootvetstviya i partnerstva [The state and the new industrial society: congruity and partnership issues]. Ekonomicheskoe vozrozhdenie Rossii [The Economic Revival of Russia], 3, 13–33. (In Russ.)

Gorshkov, M. K. (2018). Rossiyskoe obshchestvo posle prezidentskikh vyborov-2018: zapros na peremeny (informatsionno-analiticheskiy doklad) [Russian society after the presidential election-2018: request for changes (information and analytical report)]. Moscow, Russia: FNISTS RAN, 54. (In Russ.)

Gorshkov, M. K. (2018). Stolitsy i regiony v sovremennoy Rossii: mify i real’nost’ pyatnadtsat’ let spustya (informatsionno-analiticheskoe rezyume nauchnogo izdaniya) [The Capitals and Regions of Modern Russia: Myths and Facts Fifteen Years Later (information and analytical summary of a scientific publication)]. Moscow, Russia: FNISTS RAN, 43. (In Russ.)

Grinberg, R. S., Akhunov, R. R., Volodin, A. I., Gubarev, R. V., & Dzyuba, E. I. (2018). Novaya (smeshannaya) sistema oplaty truda rossiyskikh gossluzhashchikh «po rezul’tatam» [Performance-based pay — a new (mixed) payment scheme for Russian civil servants]. Ekonomicheskie i sotsial’nye peremeny: fakty, tendentsii, prognoz [Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast], 6, 163–183. (In Russ.)

Gubarev, R. V., Dzyuba, E. I., Kulikova, O. M., & Fayzullin, F. S. (2019). Upravlenie kachestvom zhizni naseleniya v regionakh Rossii [Quality management of the population in the regions of Russia]. Zhurnal institutsional’nykh issledovaniy [Journal of Institutional Studies], 2, 146–170. (In Russ.)

Gubarev, R. B., Dzyuba, E. I., Tulenev, U. V., & Fayzullin, F. S. (2018). Premirovanie rossiyskikh gosudarstvennykh sluzhashchikh «po rezul’tatam» [Performance bonuses for Russian public officers]. Finansy [Finance], 5, 51–58. (In Russ.)

Gubarev, R. V., Dzyuba, Ye. I., & Faizullin, F. S. (2017). Vzaimosvyaz’ oplaty truda i effektivnosti deyatel’nosti rukovodstva gosudarstvennykh kompaniy [Correlation between salary and performance of top-managers of state-owned companies]. Ekonomicheskaya nauka sovremennoy Rossii [Economics of Contemporary Russia], 2, 102–122. (In Russ.)

Gubarev, R. V., Dzyuba, E. I., & Faizullin, F. S. (2017). Premirovanie top-menedzherov rossiyskikh gosudarstvennykh kompaniy «po rezul’tatam» [Awarding Performance-Based Bonuses to Top Managers of Russian State-Owned Companies]. Upravlencheskie nauki [Management sciences in Russia], 3, 68–80. (In Russ.)

Drogobitsky, I. N. (2016). Garmonizatsiya regional’noy administratsii po stilyu upravleniya [Harmonization of Regional Administration Management Style]. Upravlencheskie nauki [Management sciences in Russia], 1, 26–42. (In Russ.)

Zalozhnev, D. A., & Novikov, D. A. (2009). Modeli sistem oplaty truda [Models of Remuneration Systems]. Мoscow, Russia: PMSOFT, 192. (In Russ.)

Zenkevich, N. A., Kat’kalo, V. S., Klemina, T. N., & Medvedev A. G. (2012). Evolyutsiya modelirovaniya stimuliruyushchikh kontraktov s top-menedzherami kompaniy [The evolution of modeling incentive contracts with top managers of companies]. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Seriya 8. Menedzhment [Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Management], 1, 3–25. (In Russ.)

Izmalkov, S., & Sonin, K. (2017). Osnovy teorii kontraktov (Nobelevskaya premiya po ekonomike 2016 goda — Oliver Hart i Bengt Hol’mstrem) [Basics of contract theory (Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences 2016 — Oliver Hart and Bengt Holmström)]. Voprosy Ekonomiki [Voprosy Ekonomiki], 1, 5–21. (In Russ.)

Ilyin, V. A., & Morev, M. V. (2018). «Rossiyskaya Federatsiya — sotsial’noe gosudarstvo? » Otsenka 25-letnikh itogov realizatsii stat’i 7 Konstitutsii RF [“Russian Federation — a welfare state?” Assessing the results of 25 years of implementation of Article 7 of the Russian Constitution]. Ekonomicheskie i sotsial’nye peremeny: fakty, tendentsii, prognoz [Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast], 6, 9–25. (In Russ.)

Ilyin, V.A., & Morev, M.V. (2018). I snova k voprosu o budushchem rossiyskoy gosudarstvennosti … [Revisiting the issue concerning the future of Russian statehood …]. Ekonomicheskie i sotsial’nye peremeny: fakty, tendentsii, prognoz [Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast], 5, 9–29. (In Russ.)

Kleiner, G. (2013). Kakaya ekonomika nuzhna Rossii i dlya chego? (opyt sistemnogo issledovaniya) [What Kind of Economy does Russia Need and for what Purpose? (An Attempt of System Analysis)]. Voprosy Ekonomiki [Voprosy Ekonomiki], 10, 4–27. (In Russ.)

Kleiner, G. B. (2016). Ekonomika. Modelirovanie. Matematika [Economy. Modeling. Mathematics]. Moscow, Russia: CEMI RAS, 856. (In Russ.)

Kleiner, G. B., & Rybachuk, M. A. (2017). Sistemnaya sbalansirovannost’ ekonomiki [Systemic balance of the economy].

Moscow, Russia: Nauchnaya Biblioteka, 320. (In Russ.)

Coase, R. (2007). Firma, rynok i pravo [The Firm, the Market and the Law]. Moscow, Russia: Novoe izdatel’stvo, 224. (In Russ.)

Kuz’min, V. (2020). Byudzhetu nuzhna distsiplina [Budget needs discipline]. Rossiyskaya gazeta [Russian newspaper], 11 February. (In Russ.)

Len’kov, R. V. (2018). Sotsial’no-resursnaya podderzhka naseleniem s vysshim obrazovaniem politiki sotsiokul’turnoy modernizatsii regionov [Provision of social and resource support to the policy of socio-cultural modernization of regions by the population with higher education]. Ekonomicheskie i sotsial’nye peremeny: fakty, tendentsii, prognoz [Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast], 6, 202–211. (In Russ.)

Leonard, C. (2016). Prostranstvennoe razvitie i innovatsii v Rossii [Spatial Development and Innovation in Russia]. Forsayt [Foresight and STI Governance], 3, 30–33. (In Russ.)

Mamedov, O. (2016). Nam nuzhna ne reindustrializatsiya, nam nuzhna — reekonomizatsiya [What we need is re-economization, rather than re-industrilization!]. Terra Economicus [Terra Economicus], 4, 6–13. (In Russ.)

Mamedov, O. (2018). Epokha kvazitovarnogo fetishizma (200-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya Karla Marksa posvyashchaetsya) [The epoch of quasi-commercial fetishism (on the 200th anniversary of the birth of Karl Marx)]. Terra Economicus [Terra Economicus], 2, 6–16. (In Russ.)

Markin, V. V. (2018). Sotsiologicheskiy monitoring sotsial’no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya regionov i munitsipal’nykh obrazovaniy kak faktor realizatsii Ukaza Prezidenta RF ot 07.05.2018 № 204 «O natsional’nykh tselyakh i strategicheskikh zadachakh razvitiya Rossiyskoy Federatsii na period do 2024 goda» [Sociological monitoring of the socio-economic develop- ment of regions and municipalities as a factor in the implementation of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 07.05.2018 No. 204 «On the national goals and strategic objectives of the development of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2024»]. Zadachi i perspektivy razvitiya regional’noy i munitsipal’noy nauki i usilenie nauchnogo vliyaniya na innovatsionnoe razvitie regionov i munitsipal’nykh obrazovaniy: sbornik materialov kruglogo stola [Tasks and prospects for the development of regional and municipal science and strengthening the scientific impact on the innovative development of regions and municipalities: a collection of materials of the round table]. Belgorod, Russia: Izdatel’stvo BGTU im. V. G. Shukhova, 42–56. (In Russ.)

Nizhegorodtsev, R. M. (2018). Logika sistemnoy paradigmy v ekonomike (O knige G. B. Kleynera i M. A. Rybachuka «Sistemnaya sbalansirovannost’ ekonomiki») [The logic of a systemic paradigm in economics (On the book by G. B. Kleiner and M. A. Rybachuk “Systemic balance of the economy”)]. Voprosy Ekonomiki [Voprosy Ekonomiki], 8, 128–135. (In Russ.) Polterovich, V. M. (2017). O knige G.B. Kleynera «Ekonomika. Modelirovanie. Matematika» [About the Book G.B. Kleiner “Economy. Modeling. Mathematics”]. Ekonomicheskaya nauka sovremennoy Rossii [Economics of Contemporary Russia], 4, 139–144. (In Russ.)

Ryazanov, V. T. (2018). Politekonomiya Vladimira Putina: vzglyad iz Kitaya [Political economy of Vladimir Putin: A view from China]. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Ekonomika [St Petersburg University Journal of Economic Studies], 4, 639–649. (In Russ.)

Seleznev, A. Z., & Cherednichenko L. G. (2016). Mezhdunarodnaya sistema protivodeystviya legalizatsii nezakonno poluchaemyh dohodov i finansirovaniyu terrorizma [International System of Counteraction Against Legalization of Illegalli Received Laundering and Terrorist Financing]. Economica. Predprinimatel’stvo. Okruzhayushchaya sreda. (EPOS) [Economics. Enterprise. Environment. (EPOS)], 2, 39–47. (In Russ.)

Tatarkin, A.I. (2016). Regional’naya napravlennost’ ekonomicheskoy politiki Rossiyskoy Federatsii kak instituta prostranstvennogo obustroystva territoriy [Regional Targeting of the Economic Policy of the Russian Federation as an Institution of Regional Spatial Development]. Ekonomika regiona [Economy of Region], 1, 9–27. (In Russ.)

Tikhanov, A. V., & Markin, V. V. (2017). Atlas modernizatsii Rossii i ee regionov: sotsioekonomicheskie i sotsiokul’turnye tendentsii i problemy (retsenziya) [The atlas of upgrade of Russia and its regions: Socioeconomic and sociocultural tenden- cies and problems. Collective scientific labor]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies], 7, 170–172. (In Russ.)

Nizhegorodtsev, R. M., & Reznik, S. D. (Eds.). (2016). Upravlenie kompetentsiyami: struktura, instituty, mekhanizmy [Management of competences: structure, institutes, mechanisms]. Moscow: INFRA-M, 208. (In Russ.)

Tsagolov, G. N. (2018). Oligarkhat protiv kremlevskogo Nostradamusa [The oligarchy against the Kremlin’s Nostradamus]. Voprosy politicheskoy ekonomii [Problems in Political Economy], 4, 159–167. (In Russ.)

Grossman, S., & Hart, O. (1986). The costs and benefits of ownership: A theory of vertical and lateral integration. Journal of Political Economy, 4(94), 691–719.

Hart, O., & Moore, J. (1988). Incomplete contracts and renegotiation. Econometrica, 4(56), 755–785.

Holmström, B., & Milgrom, P. (1991). Multitask principal-agent analyses: Incentive contracts, asset ownership, and job design. Journal of Law, Economics, & Organization, 7, 24–52.

Maskin, E., & Tirole, J. (1990). The principal-agent relationship with an informed principal: The case of private values. Econometrica, 2(58), 379–409.

Myerson, R. (1983). Mechanism design by an informed principal. Econometrica, 6(51), 1767–1797.