2019 (16), №4

Territorial Clusters as a Mechanism for Spatial Development of Russian Economy



For citation: 

Fonotov, A. G. & Bergal, O. E. (2019). Territorial Clusters as a Mechanism for Spatial Development of Russian Economy. Zhurnal ekonomicheskoj Teorii [Russian Journal of Economic Theory], 16(4), 673-687


The article examines the role of territorial clusters in ensuring economicgrowth. Theprocesses of the formationandfunctioning of clusters, cluster initiatives, as well as the implementation of cluster policies were considered in the framework of strategic planning documents, including the Spatial Development Strategy document on improving the resettlement system and priority areas for the distribution of productive forces. An analysis of theoretical, legal and practical aspects of the implementation of cluster policy allowed problems arising in the process of formation and development of clusters to be identified. A set of measures was proposed for the development of territorial clusters as a tool for transforming the economy, increasing its competitiveness and ensuring growth. In terms of a system-forming element of the cluster functioning mechanism, a technological platform was proposed to enhance the efforts of cluster members in creating promising commercial technologies and new products, as well as to attract R&D resources. The functioning of the technology platform is ensured by system integration. The further process of developing clusters and cluster initiatives depends on improving the legal framework and methods of state support, as well as on developing the business and investment climate. Clustering provides the formation of a comprehensive view on the state policy for the development of the country’s economy considering the potential of regional economic entities.

PDF full
Downloaded: 38

Andrei Georgievich Fonotov — Doctor in Economics, Proffessor, Departmental Head, Department of Science and Innovation Management, Division of State and Municipal Administration, Higher School of Economics (Moscow, Russian Federation; e-mail: afonotov@hse.ru).

Olga Efimovna Bergal — PhD student, Department of State and Municipal Administration, Higher School of Economics (Moscow, Russian Federation; e-mail: olgabergal@gmail.com).

Kapoguzov, E. A., Chupin, R. I., & Kharlamova, M. S. (2019). Klasternaya politika regional’nogo razvitiya: resursy i institutsional’nye usloviya [Cluster policy of regional development: resources and institutional conditions]. Zhurnal ekonomicheskoy teorii [Journal а Economic Theory], 16 (1), 22–36. (In Russ.)

Kastel’s, M. (2004). Galaktika Internet: Razmyshleniya ob Internete, biznese i obshchestve [Galaxy Internet: Reflections on the Internet, business and society]. Translation: A. Matveeva in V. Kharitonova (Ed.). Ekaterinburg, Russia: U. Faktoriya (pri uchastii izd-va Gumanitarnogo un-ta), 328. (In Russ.)

Abashkin, V. L., Artemov, S. V., & Islankina, E. A. (2017). Klasternaya politika: dostizhenie global’noy konkurentosposobnosti [Cluster Policy: Reaching Global Competitiveness]. In Gokhberg L. M., Fomichev O. V., Shadrin A.(Eds.), Minekonomrazvitiya Rossii, AO «RVK», Nats. issled. un-t «Vysshaya shkola ekonomiki». Moscow, Russia: NIU VShE, 324. (In Russ.)

Kolosovskiy, N. N. (1958). Osnovy ekonomicheskogo rayonirovaniya [Basics of economic zoning]. Moscow, Russia: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel’stvo politicheskoy literatury. (In Russ.)

Koshcheev, D. A., Isopeskul’, O. Yu., Tret’yakova, E. A. (2018). Rossiyskaya model’ regional’noy klasternoy politiki v turizme: teoreticheskie i prakticheskie aspekty [Russian Model of Regional Cluster Policy in Tourism: Theoretical and Practical Issues]. Zhurnal ekonomicheskoy teorii [Russian Journal of Economic Theory], 15(4), 607–620. (In Russ.)

Kuleshov, V. V., Alekseev, A. V., & Yagol’nitser, M. A. (2019). Metody kognitivnogo analiza v razrabotke i obosnovanii strategiy ekonomicheskogo razvitiya [Cognitive analysis methods in the development and justification of economic development strategies]. Problemy prognozirovaniya [Problems of forecasting], 2, 104–112. (In Russ.)

Makafi, E., & Brin’olfson, E. (2019). Mashina, platforma, tolpa. Nashe tsifrovoe budushchee [Machine, platform, crowd. Our digital future]. Moscow, Russia: Mann, Ivanov i Ferber, 480. (In Russ.)

Maklyuen, M. (2003). Ponimanie media: Vneshnie rasshireniya cheloveka [Understanding the Media: External extensions of person]. Translation: V. Nikolaeva. Zhukovskiy, Russia: KANON-press-Ts, Kuchkovo pole, 464. (In Russ.)

Markov, L. S. (2015). Teoretiko-metodologicheskie osnovy klasternogo podkhoda [Theoretical and methodological foundations of the cluster approach]. Novosibirsk, Russia: IEOPP SO RAN, 300. (In Russ.)

Mints, A. A. (1972). Ekonomicheskaya otsenka estestvennykh resursov (Nauchno-metodicheskie problemy ucheta geograficheskikh razlichiy v effektivnosti ispol’zovaniya) [Economicassessmentofnaturalresources (Scientific andmethodological problems of accounting for geographical differences in the efficiency of use)]. Moscow, Russia: Mysl’. (In Russ.)

Mikheeva, N. N. (2018). Strategiya prostranstvennogo razvitiya: novyy etap ili povtorenie starykh oshibok? [Spatial development strategy: new stage or repetition of old mistakes?]. EKO [ECO], 5, 158–178. (In Russ.)

MTsNTI. (2013). Innovatsionno-tekhnologicheskie klastery stran-chlenov MTsNTI (Informatsionnyy material) [Innovative and technological clusters of ICSTI member countries (Information material)]. MTsNTI – Mezhdunarodnyy tsentr nauchnoy i tekhnicheskoy informatsii [ICSTI — International Center for Scientific and Technical Information], available at: http://www.icsti.su/uploaded/201304/cluster.pdf (accessed: 08.04.2019).

Smorodinskaya, N. V. (2015). Globalizirovannaya ekonomika: ot ierarkhiy k setevomu ukladu [Globalized economy: from hierarchies to network structure]. Moscow, Russia: IE RAN, 344. (In Russ.)

Uebster, F. Teorii informatsionnogo obshchestva [Theory of the Information Society]. In E. L. Vartanovoy (Ed.). Moscow, Russia: Aspekt Press, 400. (In Russ.)

Brenner, T., Emmrich, C., & Schlump, C. (2013). Regional Effects of a Cluster-oriented policy measure. The Case of the InnoRegio program in Germany, available at: https://wpis.files.wordpress.com/2013/04/wp-30.pdf (accessed: 05.06.2019).

Christensen, T.A., Lämmer-Gamp, T., & G.M., zu Koecker. (2012). Let’s make a perfect cluster policy and cluster programme. The Danish Ministry of Science Innovation and Higher Education, Berlin / Copenhagen, available at: https://www. cluster-analysis.org/downloads/Clusters_web_singlepage_06092012.pdf (accessed: 05.06.2019).

Etzkowitz, H., & Leydesdorff, L. (1995). The Triple Helix – University-Industry-Government Relations: A Laboratory for Knowledge-Based Economic Development. EASST Review, 14 (1), 14–19.

Greenstone, M., et al. (2010). Identifying Agglomeration Spillovers: Evidence from Winners and Losers of Large Plant Openings. Journal of Political Economy, 118(3), 536–598.

Kerr, W. et. al. (2013). Caution to place makers: Greater firm density does not always promote incumbent firm health, available at: https://voxeu.org/article/caution-place-makers-greater-firm-density-does-not-always-promote-incumbent-firm-health (accessed: 08.04.2019).

Ketels, C. (2013). Recent Research on Competitiveness and Clusters: What Are the Implications for Regional Policy? Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 6(2), 269–284.

Marshall, A. (1890). Principles of Economics. Palgrave Macmillan UK, 731.

Martin, R., & Sunley, P. (2010). Conceptualizing Cluster Evolution: Beyond the Life Cycle Model? Journal Regional Studies, 45, 1299–1318.

Munnich, L.W.Jr., et al. (1999). Industry Clusters: An Economic Development Strategy for Minnesota. Preliminary Report, available at: https://www.academia.edu/30184367/Industry_Clusters_An_Economic_Development_Strategy_for_Minnesota (accessed: 05.06.2019).

Nauwelaers, C., & Wintjes, R. (2008). Innovation policy, innovation in policy: policy learning within and across systems and clusters. Edward Elgar Publishing, 225–268.

OECD. (2007). Reviews of Regional Innovation. Competitive Regional Clusters. National policy approaches. OECD pub- lisher, Paris, France.

Porter, M. (1990). The Competitive Advantage of Nations. Harvard Business Review, 68 (2), 73–93. Porter, M. (1998). Clusters and the New Economic Competition. Harvard Business Review, 76 (6), 77–90.

Rodríguez-Clare, A. (2007). Clusters and comparative advantage: Implications for industrial policy. Journal of Development Economics, 82, 43–57.

Smith, A. (1776). Wealth of nations. W. Strahan and T. Cadell, London.

Sood, A., Tellis, G. J. (2005). Technological evolution and Radical innovation. Journal of marketing, 69, 152–168.

Von Thünen, J.H. (1966). Isolated State. An English Edition of Der Isolierte Staat. Translated by Carla M. Wartenberg.

Edited with an Introduction by Peter Hall. Oxford, London, Pergamon Press.